Moreover, In addition, Besides, On the Contrary, However and Hence

by Eva

What kind of grammar structures must I use with the following words; moreover, in addition, besides, contrary, however, hence etc?

How often should I use them in sentences so my entire writing does not look so simple and dull?

How should I use them? I'm confused about their function; some of them have slightly different means too. Could you clarify this with some examples?

Where should I put them in my sentences? In the beginning, middle or the end?

"I'm going for a vacation next month; therefore I need your help to keep my mailbox safe." Does it sound more natural when I use therefore in this case?

Thank you so much for your helping, Ola, you're really great.

Comments for Moreover, In addition, Besides, On the Contrary, However and Hence

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Nov 06, 2010
Transitional words and phrases
by: Ola Zur

Hi Eva,

You are actually talking about transitional words and phrases. These are words and phrases that help guide the reader from one idea to the next. They are indeed important to keep your writing logical and interesting.

There is actually an excellent resource that can help you out on this. It is called Some Common English Transition Words and Phrases and it has the list of words and phrases, examples, and even punctuation rules. I highly recommend it :)

Ola Zur is the editor of, an illustrated guide to English.

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