Participle and Relative Clauses

Dear Ola, Please explain how to use participle instead of relative clauses? Also, could you tell me if the following sentences are correct or wrong? Does the second example give the past meaning?


Can you remember the methods "using" to solve this problem?

Can you remember the methods "used" to solve this problem?

Diana here: I changed "remind" to "remember" in your sentences. We use remind when something triggers a memory (and it is usually followed by a subject or person) and we use remember when it is the person directly recalling something.

Ex: I can't remember where my car keys are.
Could you remind me to put my keys in my bag when we get home?

Comments for Participle and Relative Clauses

Click here to add your own comments

Jan 18, 2011
Answer
by: Ola Zur

Hi,

There is a very good explanation on using participles instead of relative clauses over here:
Participles and relative clauses

Regarding the two sentences:

1) Can you remember the methods "using" to solve this problem?
This sentence is incorrect.
It is like saying: "Can you remember the methods that are using to solve the problem?

The methods are used (passive), not "using" (active). You use the methods, therefore the methods are used.

2) Can you remember the methods "used" to solve this problem?
This sentence is correct.
It is like saying: "Can you remember the methods that are used to solve this problem?

Now, "are used" = present tense, passive.
"Were used" = past tense, passive.
"Will be used" = future tense, passive.

"am using" = present tense, active.
"was using" = past tense, active.
"will be using" = future tense, active.

I hope this helps...

Ola Zur is the editor of www.really-learn-english.com, an illustrated guide to English.


Click here to add your own comments

Return to ask your grammar questions here..

Still looking?  Search the site for exactly what you need using the site search box below.

Happy exploring!

Discover these Amazing ESL Materials!

It's English Time! English Express! 5 Simple Steps to Better Writing! English Harmony 2.0! Pronunciation Power!
Effortless English! Best Accent Training! Ola Zur! English Grammar Revolution! English Success

Sign-up For The Learn English Newsletter

Your E-mail Address
Your First Name (optional)
Then

Don't worry — your e-mail address is totally secure.
I promise to use it only to send you Learn English Newsletter.

Every month I get the learning English newsletter and it helps me improve my English.  it is very cool! - Inara